Glaucoma in Apopka

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Wisdom Means Having Your Eyes Checked for Glaucoma

If you’ve ever had that infamous “air puff” test during an eye exam, then you’ve been tested for glaucoma.

Glaucoma is a term used to describe a group of eye diseases that cause progressive damage to the optic nerve, which can lead to irrecoverable vision loss.

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Symptoms of Glaucoma

Many forms of this eye disease progress quietly and present no symptoms until significant damage has taken place. Later stages of glaucoma can present with symptoms like:

  • Blind spots in your peripheral or central vision
  • Tunnel vision
  • Severe headache
  • Eye pain
  • Red eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Nausea and vomiting

What Causes Glaucoma?

Let’s talk first about the aqueous humor. This clear fluid is contained in the front part of your eye and is responsible for providing nourishment keeping it inflated. The eye is constantly producing new aqueous humor while draining an equal amount through the drainage angle between the cornea and the iris.

When this balance of new fluid and drained fluid is compromised, the pressure inside the eyes increases and, for reasons not entirely known, leads to optic nerve damage and glaucoma.

However, not all cases of increased eye pressure lead to glaucoma, and not all cases of glaucoma are related to increased eye pressure.

There are several types of glaucoma, each with its own causes and treatment options.

Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of this eye disease. It progresses slowly and painlessly and leads to optic nerve damage and permanent vision loss.

Theories suggest that optic nerve damage results from a lack of blood flow to the area or by internal eye pressure and fluid build-up caused by the inefficiency of the eye’s drainage system.

Angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency and requires immediate attention to avoid permanent vision loss. Symptoms include:

  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea
  • Eye redness
  • Halos or rainbows around lights
  • Blurred vision

A less-common form of glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the drainage angle closes or becomes blocked, resulting in an abrupt build-up of fluid and increased eye pressure and a sudden onset of symptoms. To prevent eye damage and vision loss, contact your optometrist immediately.

Secondary glaucoma occurs as a result of injury, various medical conditions, medications, or eye abnormalities.

Normal-tension glaucoma results in optic nerve damage even though the eye’s internal pressure remains within the normal range.

Why this happens isn’t known, although it’s thought that those who develop this type of glaucoma have unusually sensitive optic nerves or reduced blood flow.

Glaucoma Prevention

Early detection, immediate treatment, life-long management, and regular monitoring is essential for protecting your eyes and vision after a glaucoma diagnosis. Glaucoma can only be diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam, especially before symptoms develop.

There is no cure for glaucoma, and treatment involves controlling internal eye pressure with eye drops, oral medications, or surgery.

Visit Us in Apopka

Our office is conveniently located off South Orange Blossom Trail heading South, across from Big Lot’s. Our building has ample parking and is walking distance from the Route 106 bus stop.

Our Address

730 South Orange Blossom Trail
Apopka, FL 32703

Contact Information

Phone: 407-880-0335
Fax: 407-880-6782
[email protected]

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